Here is another consideration before you pick up that handy bottle of Roundup. From Greenmedinfo.com
Here is another consideration before you pick up that handy bottle of Roundup. From Greenmedinfo.com
As promised, we are starting with the first post about winter farm activities, and it is one of our personal favorites.
We began hoop house, or tunnel gardening after I bought Eliot Coleman’s book, The Four Season Harvest, as a Christmas present for my spouse. We started our first hoop house that January, a small structure, only 12×16 feet, made of PVC pipe and some boards. By March we were enjoying salad, radishes, and cilantro. That winter may have been a warmer winter than most, but we were sincerely impressed with our first attempt.
That little structure is now gone and has been replaced by two sturdier versions made of bent fencing and a wood “foundation.” Both are set directly on the ground and we plant directly in the soil. We have one layer of agricultural plastic on one and two layers on the other. Each layer is supposed to give us approximately one more agricultural growth zone, but we find that the extra layer actually reduces the amount of sunlight, so you don’t actually get two full zones. Meduseld is in a 6b agricultural zone, and we are not getting to 8b with the extra layer. We find that the plants in the one layer house seem to do better, and when the weather warms, we will reduce the other to one layer as well.
We have been working on amending the soil gradually and I wish we had focused on this more during construction phase. We have still had to contend with insects and less than ideal growth at times, and we think this is due to the fact that we did not follow all Mr. Coleman’s advice about soil amendments, especially copious amounts of compost. Over the years, we have gotten better at composting, and hopefully this will pay off.
None-the-less we have enjoyed chard, lettuce, fresh herbs, brassicas, every year since but one. That year was exceptionally cold and there was not enough sunlight to warm the soil during the day. We could have resorted to heating the tunnels, but that seems contrary to what we are trying to achieve – namely growing produce without consuming non-renewable energy.
Hoop houses are wonderful for rotating “crops” and for extending growing seasons. There is also no waste. Anything that does not do well, becomes overgrown, or gets insects, becomes chicken feed. We see this as a win/win situation even if we can’t put something on our table – we’re certain the chickens are glad for fresh greens in the middle of the winter, or as the case today, right after a snow storm.
Mr. Coleman’s book had excellent charts with plants that can be grown during the winter months and that are tolerant to cold temperatures. We strongly recommend this book and it is available in the Meduseld Amazon store.
Merry Christmas wishes from Meduseld!
There is the impression that farm life slows during the winter months. Not true! We are going to share the activities of the cold months with you and provide links and information so that you can do these as well. Of if you prefer, you can just follow along, as we work here at Meduseld.
We have been asked – why Meduseld? Meduseld is the anglicized version of the anglo-saxon word maeduselde, which means mead hall. Since we raise bees and are interested in Beowulf and medieval hsitory, we thougth the name is appropriate. We choose to use the simplified version; its much easier to provide as a web address:)
The next posts will cover hoop or tunnel house gardening, maple syrup making, spinning and dyeing wool, and livestock care.
Honey was a conventional therapy in fighting infection up until the early 20th century, at which time its use slowly vanished with the advent of penicillin.
Now the use of honey in wound care is regaining popularity again, as researchers are determining exactly how honey can help fight serious skin infections.
According to their findings, certain types of honey might be more effective than antibiotics!
After any skin injury, bacteria that live on your skin can infect and penetrate the wound site.
One particularly common type of strep (Streptococcus pyogenes) can result in wounds that refuse to heal.
But honey, especially the kind made by bees foraging on manuka flowers, was found to destroy these bacteria.
Scientific American recently reported:
“In lab tests, just a bit of the honey killed off the majority of bacterial cells — and cut down dramatically on the stubborn biofilms they formed.
It could also be used to prevent wounds from becoming infected in the first place.”
According to the authors of the study,
As long as you use the right kind of honey, science does back up its use for wound treatment, which is especially relevant today as antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections are on the rise.
Five years ago, the FDA authorized the first honey-based medical product for use in the US. Derma Sciences uses Manuka honey for their Medihoney wound and burn dressings, which can be found online from medical supply stores. Amazon.com also sells them. These products can also be found in Great Britain, Australia, New Zealand, and Canada.
When considering using honey for the treatment of wounds, it’s extremely important to understand that there’s a major difference between raw honey—and especially Manuka honey, which is in a class of its own—and the highly processed “Grade A” type honey you find in most grocery stores. The latter is more akin to high fructose corn syrup, which is more likely to increase infection, and should never be used to treat topical wounds! (It also will not offer you the same health benefits as raw honey when consumed.)
Manuka honey, on the other hand, is made with pollen gathered from the flowers of the Manuka bush (a medicinal plant), and clinical trials have found this type of honey can effectively eradicate more than 250 clinical strains of bacteria, including resistant varieties such as:
Compared to other types of honey, Manuka has an extra ingredient with antimicrobial qualities, called the Unique Manuka Factor (UMF). It is so called because no one has yet been able to discover the unique substance involved that gives it its extraordinary antibacterial activity. Honey releases hydrogen peroxide through an enzymatic process, which explains its general antiseptic qualities, but Active Manuka honey contains “something else” that makes it far superior to other types of honey when it comes to killing off bacteria.
The level of UMF can vary between batches, so each batch is ranked and priced accordingly. The higher the concentration of UMF, the darker, thicker, and more expensive it is.
To determine its rating, a sample of the honey batch is placed on a plate with a bacterial culture. The area where the bacterial growth stops is then measured. This area is compared to a similar area produced by a solution of phenol and water. The UMF number refers to the equivalent percentage of phenol in water, so, for example, honey with a UMF rating of 10 has the same antibacterial strength as 10 percent phenol. A rating of UMF 10 or higher is recommended for medicinal use.
Aside from the featured study, many others confirm the soundness of using good-old-fashioned honey for the treatment of bacterial and fungal infections. For example, a 1992 study found that honey sped up the healing of caesarean sections iii, iv. Another study found that honey cured the intractable wounds of 59 patients, and it’s been known to help heal everything from ulcers to sunburn. According to the International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds, positive findings on honey in wound care have been reported from v:
A study published in the summer of 2009 also found that chronic rhinosinusitis sufferers might benefit from honey vi. In 11 isolates of three separate biofilms, honey was found to be significantly more effective than commonly-used antibiotics in killing both planktonic and biofilm-grown forms of pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) and staphylococcus aureus (SA), two important factors in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS).
The findings may hold important clinical implications in the treatment of CRS, which affects 31 million people each year in the United States alone, and is among the three most common chronic diseases in North America.
If you’re considering using honey to treat a mild burn, sunburn, or small wound at home, make sure to use either Manuka or raw honey. Like the Manuka honey, high quality RAW honey will help draw fluid away from your wound and suppress the growth of microorganisms. Part of what gives raw honey its antibacterial properties is an enzyme called glucose oxidase, which the worker bees excrete into the nectar. This enzyme releases low levels of hydrogen peroxide when the honey makes contact with your wound. A chemical reaction between the honey and the tissue also makes your wound smell good. Heated honey will destroy this perishable enzyme which is why you want to only use raw honey for this application.
For your home care kit, two other natural wound dressings that offer impressive results without drugs are Duoderm and HemCon bandages. The HemCon bandages are made from a natural protein found in shrimp shells, which not only promotes clotting, but also offer an effective antibacterial barrier against microorganisms such as MRSA and VRE—two common antibiotic-resistant strains.
While the focus of this article is on the topical uses and benefits of honey, it also has numerous health benefits when consumed in moderation.
Unfortunately, bee populations are rapidly declining. Farmers are forced to import bees from other countries or truck them across the states for different seasons of produce. Toxic chemicals, genetically engineered crops, overuse of antibiotics in animals (their waste is typically used as fertilizer) and monoculture farming are likely the primary contributors to the collapse of the bees.
The collapse of bee colonies should be looked at as yet further proof of our unsustainable farming methods.
Coming soon, this will be Meduseld’s new blog! We hope to provide a diversity of information on wool and its products, sustainable family farming, permaculture, honey, and related topics.